With a combination of scientific detachment and ironic humor, Lucretius treats the human sex drive as muta cupido, "dumb desire", comparing the physiological response of ejaculation to the blood spurting from a wound. The extent to which theorizing about sex actually affected behavior is debatable, even among those who were attentive to the philosophical and medical writings that presented such views. Raptio The English word "rape" derives ultimately from the Latin verb rapio, rapere, raptus, "to snatch, carry away, abduct" the words rapt, rapture, and raptor still have the same meaning. The toga , by contrast, distinguished the body of the sexually privileged adult Roman male. The sexuality of martyrology focuses on tests against the Christian's chastity  and sexual torture; Christian women are more often than men subjected to sexual mutilation, in particular of the breasts. In the 2nd century BC, Cato preferred not to bathe in the presence of his son, and Plutarch implies that for Romans of these earlier times it was considered shameful for mature men to expose their bodies to younger males. Desires are ranked as those that are both natural and necessary, such as hunger and thirst; those that are natural but unnecessary, such as sex; and those that are neither natural nor necessary, including the desire to rule over others and glorify oneself. Some Greek Stoics privileged same-sex relations between a man and a younger male partner   see " Pederasty in ancient Greece ". In art produced under Augustus, the programmatic adoption of Hellenistic and Neo-Attic style led to more complex signification of the male body shown nude, partially nude, or costumed in a muscle cuirass. The engorgement of the genitals creates an urge to ejaculate, coupled with the anticipation of pleasure. In the Epicurean view, sexuality arises from impersonal physical causes without divine or supernatural influence. The "abduction" of an unmarried girl from her father's household in some circumstances was a matter of the couple eloping without her father's permission to marry. When Clodius Pulcher dressed as a woman and intruded on the all-female rites of the Bona Dea , he was charged with incestum. Rape in the English sense was more often expressed as stuprum committed through violence or coercion cum vi or per vim. The speed with which the sapling grows together and its scar forms will determine how quickly the swollen veins of the boy will return to health. The Dii Consentes were a council of deities in male—female pairs, to some extent Rome's equivalent to the Twelve Olympians of the Greeks.