In the Netherlands revised its same-sex partnership law and the following year became the first country to offer marriage to same-sex couples; several other European countries subsequently legalized gay marriage. On the day after the election, the results remained uncertified. It is not unjust to deny legal status to same-sex unions because marriage and same-sex unions are essentially different realities. In other words, partnerships involving sexual intimacy should have at least a notional potential for procreation. Constitution guaranteed the fundamental right to marry. Can we settle whether abortion should be legal without settling whether abortion is murder? Religious and secular expectations of marriage and sexuality Over time the historical and traditional cultures originally recorded by the likes of Bachofen and Morgan slowly succumbed to the homogenization imposed by colonialism. In addition, such societies often allow close kin a variety of automatic privileges such as sponsoring immigration visas or making medical decisions for one another; for those with whom one shares no close kin relationship, these privileges typically require legal interventions. Some people believe that the purpose of marriage is procreation and that, therefore, same-sex marriages should not be permitted. Can I change my surname last name when I get married? According to the author, the study highlighted the importance of abolishing institutional forms of discrimination, including those leading to disparities in the mental health and well-being of LGB individuals. After the ruling, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger issued a statement repeating his pledge to oppose Proposition 8 , the ballot initiative that would override the ruling. In this view, such relationships are intrinsically worthy while also quite distinct from though not incompatible with activities associated with the bearing or raising of children.