Spencer Holland, an educational psychologist who had helped establish effective single-sex classes at another Baltimore elementary school, says in the early s the Congressional Black Caucus scuttled a plan for a formal pilot project. In stating my sympathy as an Asian American, howev But this case may be an exception. By contrast, in the US, early feminists were successful in establishing women's educational institutions. Despite the above conclusion, the research found that, in a separate analysis of just the best studies well controlled conducted in America, the effect size in mathematics was 0. In the UK, Australia, and Ireland the tradition of single sex education remained quite strong until the s. Hasty, who retired in , had little idea she was pioneering an innovation that the federal government would eventually endorse. Before retiring last year, Holland crusaded for single-sex education for Black boys for two decades. The Education Department rules are still subject to challenge in the courts. Perceptions and Characteristics, which listed the benefits of single-sex schools: As such, mass elementary education was introduced, and more and more coeducational schools were set up. The sophomore at Appalachian State University wants frank conversations to spur people to acknowledge and address discrimination, According to Cornelius Riordan, "By the end of the nineteenth century, coeducation was all but universal in American elementary and secondary public schools see Kolesnick, ; Bureau of Education, ; Butler, ; Riordan, When he received his Ph. Department of Education last month adopted new rules that give public school districts the flexibility to establish single-sex schools and classes, as long as enrollment is voluntary and a comparable coeducational opportunity is available. Scholars Debate Effectiveness of Single-Sex Classes Girls clearly benefit, but some educators fear such classes will simply warehouse Black boys. Roderick Paige, former U.