However, the study also found that making sex offender registration publicly available may deter some potential first time sex offenders from committing an offense that would get them on the registry in the first place. Some sex offenders may come to view their central identity as being that of a sex offender due to the registry, and the more a sex offender views themselves as being a criminal the more likely they are to reoffend. In , a murder registry was proposed in Rhode Island and an animal abuser registry was proposed in Pennsylvania. The new law is complex, but represents a positive change for criminal justice in California. It will provide people who have been rehabilitated a chance to remove themselves from the heavy stigma that registration causes. There are several gaps in this policy noted by members of the Caribbean Committee against Sex Crimes, most notably that the registry only deals with offenses committed within the Jurisdiction of Trinidad and Tobago. The bill even attracted a Republican co-sponsor. For example, residency restrictions will make it harder for a sex offender's spouse and children, not just a sex offender themselves, to find housing. Ultimately a judge has discretion as to whether or not a registrant may be removed from the list. Some states have disclosed some of Tier I offenders,  while in some states all Tier I offenders are excluded from public disclosure. It will also include individuals who have been granted name suppression. However, since sex crimes are the most under-reported crimes,  whether or not the Department of Justice's 5. In the late s, a study showed that Indiana sex offenders have recidivism of about 1. The core feature of this new law is the creation of a new tiered system of sex offender registration. A study by professors from Columbia University and the University of Michigan found that having police-only sex offender registries e. We touched on this in our previous article , but here is a refresher and update: Like the Australian and British registers, the New Zealand sex offenders register will not be accessible to the general public but only to officials with security clearance.